5G technology was launched first in 2018 by South Korea, and the Swedish telecom giant Ericsson has predicted till 2025 65% of the world’s population will get coverage of 5G internet. Here in Tech Towards, we will see how 5G technology will affect healthcare and what are the way to improve it.
5G is the fifth generation mobile network technology where the speed of 5G is much faster than 4G and the latency is also lower than 4G. As per theoretical expectations, 5G network speed should stand as high as 10 Gbps. But after launching 5G in several cities we found as like 4G technology 5G is also performing poorly from expectations. The peak speed of 5G technology is about 600 Mbps where the average speed is around 200 Mbps.
Although 5G is not performing well as expected, then also 5G is much more powerful than 4G, where 4G has a little bit high latency and a comparatively slow speed than 5G. Now when mobile networking is a little bit improved, many fields regarding the internet are being created, or in other words, new fields are invented and evolved. And healthcare is one of them that has taken growth rapidly.
Remote Diagnosis (Telemedicine)
Telemedicine is a reform in healthcare, and it is in existence for a long time. But most of you don’t know about this reform. If someone has any health related problems, the person has to visit nearby hospital or clinic for a checkup. In many cases, good doctors mean to be specialists have more patients, so they can’t visit too many places for a checkup. As an alternative, the affected person who has physical or any health problem occurs, they have to visit the doctor. It doesn’t matter how far distance doctors are living. As a result, patients have to face pressure during the journey to visit a doctor, and in many cases, it causes health problems to patients.
But now the situation has changed. Now even in rural areas where have not available any healthcare facilities, they can get connected with doctors by video calling. In many countries, there have some local centers by visiting where you can connect with doctors sitting miles away from you can check up diseases by hearing your problems and with some necessary instruments present on those local centers. They also provide a prescription by fax and suggest whatever is required to become healthy.
Now, after coming 5G, you don’t have to visit even any local area to connect with doctors. You can connect with your preferable doctor by video calling from your smartphone, tablet, laptop, or even your TV without any lagging, disturbance, or disconnectivity. The latency decreased, and speed has increased. They ask your problems, suggest some tests, and provide some medicine for instant work, and after getting reports, they can guide you for further treatment. Nowadays, healthcare gadgets are becoming cheap and affordable, so who have problems like diabetes and have to check regularly in months, they can purchase healthcare gadgets to tests at home.
Market Research Future has made a study on telemedicine, and they found the growth of the telemedicine market will expect to grow at a compound rate of 16.5% from 20217 to 2023.
Large Data Sending
The healthcare industry is enormous, and it is generating a massive amount of data each day. A single patient can create more than 100 GBs of data per day, from their medical records, test reports, and image files generated by CAT, PET, and MRI scans. Often the imageries and reports need to sent to specialists for review. If the bandwidth of the network is slow, data transmission could take a longer time to send or even could crash in the middle of the sending process. Therefore the patient could take longer for receiving treatment at the doctor’s presence.
To improve access to care and the quality of care, we can add the high speed 5G technology and its network to the existing architecture could help us to transport data files of medical imagery and reports quickly and reliably. At the Austin Cancer Center, a patient can generate up to 1 GB of data per study by the PET scanner. PET scanner generates extremely large files than other scanning machines.
Excellent network performance is required to send a massive amount of data from one side to another of a town or sometimes out of the city. At the previous time, the scanning data reach the destination after hours. But now, after the implementation of 5G, it improves in the network. When a patient leaves the scanner, the report already on its way towards the destination. Now doctors are getting the result quicker what is essential, and it’s beneficial to patients and doctors both.
Real Time Remote Monitoring
After enrolling, 5G enabled IoT healthcare devices can provide the ability to monitor patients remotely and gather real-time health-related data that doctors can use for preventive care and provide personalized healthcare provisions.
According to Anthem, Over 86% of doctors have reported that internet connected wearables (common remote monitoring tools) will increase patient engagement with their own health. As a result, it is predicting that in the next five years, the hospital costs will decrease by 16%.
Remote monitoring technology with slow and unreliable connections is limited by usage. As a result, doctors are unable to get real time data or meet with the patient virtually to gather critical healthcare data about the patient, especially in an emergency when they need to make quick healthcare decisions.
But now, after launching 5G technology, the healthcare system can provide remote monitoring to more patients simultaneously because 5G has a lower latency and higher capacity to handle it. Healthcare providers are confident in getting real time data to provide the best and instant solutions to their patients.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a trend and revolutionizing technology. Many healthcare providers are started using AI to determine potential diagnoses and the best personalized treatment plan for a specific patient. Sophisticated algorithms of AI are using in healthcare to emulate human cognition in the analysis of medical data that are complex for a human being. The main thing that differs AI from traditional technologies is the ability to gather information and process to provide the best possible data with 0 human errors.
On the other hand, Artificial Intelligence has a super computational power, and even you can say supernatural power that can predict possible future health related problems on behalf of given data. For reducing the error percentage, the AI module has to train with a vast amount of similar and accurate data, and the AI module goes through the data several times to reduce error possibilities and make its own logic for prevention.
Remote surgery is a form of telepresence. A doctor can perform surgery or operation on a patient even without physically present in that place. A robotic system that made for surgery consists of one or more arms to act. The remote surgery is a hazardous process if there any interference happens in between the controller and the robot, then it could be a death threaten incident to the patient.
5G technology is more powerful than 4G, and it has a lower latency and higher bandwidth for smooth remote control. So that the doctor performing surgery remotely can handle the entire thing remotely, the remote operation could save lots of time for a doctor from traveling thousands of kilometers. In the time of emergency, it would be helpful too for instant action.Share